Addiction was once considered to be limited to illegal and prescription drugs, alcohol and nicotine, but an increased understanding of how the brain works and the causes of addiction have expanded the list to include sex addiction gambling, and eating disorders. Still, the most prevalent forms of addiction treated by rehab facilities are alcohol and drug abuse, which affect a total of around 25% of Americans.
Treatment begins with admittance to a rehab, either through a physician referral, judge’s order, or self-admittance. A detox program is used to clear the mind and body of lingering effects of substance use. Rehabs rarely stop with detox now, though the components of follow-up programs will differ dramatically depending on the treatment philosophy.
## What Are the Aspects of Detox?
Detox is the one similarity between all rehab programs for drug and alcohol addiction, but it is done differently depending on the quality of rehab. It is first a time for introduction to the particular philosophy of treatment. Some centers will refer to clients as patients, while others use more neutral or empowering language, such as students.
Detox lasts anywhere from three to seven days. Common features are mandatory attendance at group meetings, restricted access to the outside world, and provision of balanced meals. Clients will be monitored depending on threat status, and they will meet with a psychiatrist, who can provide medications for dual diagnosis, counsel on specific problems, and pharmaceutical grade supplements to counter micro-nutrient deficiencies caused by substance abuse and poor nutrition.
It is important to note that the role of the psychiatrist, and the services offered during detox, vary widely between centers. Some focus heavily on nutrition and overcoming micro-nutrient deficiencies, which are a common aspect of addiction, while others tend to focus more on identifying and treating underlying emotional disorders that created the conditions for addiction.
## What Are Treatment Types After Detox?
After detox, clients may remain inpatient or be moved to outpatient status, depending on the psychiatric evaluation. Either way, services do not stop with detox. The next step is a mixture of one-
on-one counseling and group therapy. Some centers go further by offering formal classes on different types of stress management and socialization skills.
A few rehabs combine all of the above treatments with classes that target academic deficiencies. The idea is that a lack of personal fulfillment is the root cause of most addictions, and the most successful means of ending addiction is to address the conditions that cause lack of fulfillment. Learning all the skills necessary to function and succeed in the real world can reduce the risk of relapse further.
## How Long Does Rehab Last?
There is no strict time limit with rehab, because programs are tailored to meet the needs of different clients. A few weeks to a few months is typical for many. Some programs will include follow-up procedures, and most will ensure that clients have a support system in place that includes group meetings. Choosing a drug rehab should be done carefully.